Thus far, we have identified four major clusters. Cluster 1, is characterized by socio-cultural theory, and descriptive design method, using less-structured data, such as interviews, videos, situating studies in classrooms. This cluster is associated with qualitative analysis method. In cluster 2, there don’t appear to be any specific theories and is characterized by classroom studies using questionnaires, and descriptive designs. Cluster 3 is characterized by constructivist theory, and quasi-experimental designs, using inferential statistics to analyze questionnaire data, situating studies in classrooms. Cluster 4 studies were not characterized by specific theories, were set in classrooms, collected categorical data, and used quantitative method, guided with experimental designs.
Jeong, H., Hmelo-Silver, C. E., Yu, Y. (2014). An examination of CSCL methodological practices and the influence of theoretical frameworks 2005–2009. iJCSCL, 9, 305-344.
We anticipate developing principles that identify the circumstances under which CSCL is most useful in STEM education.