Use of the ACT tool has led to richer classroom discussions about the structure, behaviors and functions of complex systems. Further, construction of SBF models has led to deeper understanding of the fish-aquarium system.
Cindy Hmelo-Silver, Rebecca Jordan, Marylee Demeter, Steven Gray, Lei Liu, Swaroop Vattam, Spencer Rugaber & Ashok Goel. Focusing on Function: Thinking Below the Surface of Complex Natural Systems. Science Scope, pp. 27-34, Summer 2008, NSTA.
Jordan, R.C., S. Gray, M. Demeter, L. Lui, and C. Hmelo-Silver. 2007.Quick fix: Don’t forget behavior in systems thinking! American Biology Teacher 70: 329-330.
Jordan, R.C., S. Gray, M. Demeter, L. Lui, and C. Hmelo-Silver.
An assessment of students’ understanding of ecosystem concepts: conflating ecological systems and cyles. (In press, Applied Environmental Education & Communication).
An interactive tool called ACT for constructing and simulating structure-behavior-function (SBF) models of complex ecological and biological systems.