Use of the ACT tool has led to richer classroom discussions about the structure, behaviors and functions of complex systems. Further, construction of SBF models has led to deeper understanding of the fish-aquarium system.
Cindy Hmelo-Silver, Rebecca Jordan, Marylee Demeter, Steven Gray, Lei Liu, Swaroop Vattam, Spencer Rugaber & Ashok Goel. Focusing on Function: Thinking Below the Surface of Complex Natural Systems. Science Scope, pp. 27-34, Summer 2008, NSTA.
An interactive tool called ACT for constructing and simulating structure-behavior-function (SBF) models of complex ecological and biological systems