Analysis is ongoing. However, our findings to date show that the structure and resources provided by collaborative and career development networks of academic scientists differ by gender. We find that women’s collaborative networks outside of their institutions are larger, and do matter for grant success. Collaboration network size is found to be positively associated with the probability of grant receipt, and women faculty have a lower probability of receiving a grant. Overall, women retain more collaborative ties with colleagues from graduate school (even for senior women faculty) and with those they met for the first time at a professional conference. The resources provided by these networks also varies. For example, network members may provide important resources that enhance professional recognition (such as nominations for awards), and/or that enhance the productive capacity of scientists (such as introductions to potential collaborators.) Our findings indicate that while men’s and women’s networks provide similar levels of nominations for awards, women are less likely than men to be introduced to collaborators by individuals in their academic research networks.
Because scientists interact in other career development networks outside of those with collaborators, we are also interested in the career development and advice-based networks of scientists. Here we have found that women’s advice networks are larger than men’s. In our examination of mentor-based advice relationships, we have also found that the interaction and exchange of women scientists with their mentors differs from the relationships of men scientists with their mentors. For example, men assistant and associate-level professors collaborated significantly more often with their primary mentors on grant proposals and journal articles than did assistant and associate women faculty. This in turn has important implications for productivity and career advancement if mentors in faculty collaborate differently with their men and women mentees.
Melkers, Julia and Yonghong Wu (2009) “Evaluating the Improved Research Capacity of EPSCoR States: R&D Funding and Collaborative Networks in the NSF EPSCoR Program.” Forthcoming, Review of Policy Research.
Kiopa, Agrita J. Melkers and E. Tanyildiz (2009) “Women in academic science: mentors and career development” in Women in Science and Technology (Editors:, Sven Hemlin, Luisa Oliveira and Katarina Prpic.) (Zagreb: Croatia: (Institute for Social Research and SSTNET (Sociology of Science and Technology Network) of European Sociological Association (ESA.)
Melkers, Julia and Fang Xiao (2009) “Boundary-Spanning in Emerging Technology Research: Determinants of Funding Success for Academic Scientists,” Forthcoming, Journal of Technology Transfer.
Haller, M. K. (2008) “Rethinking Collaborative Entrepreneurship: The Impact of Networks and Cognitions on Research Opportunities”. PhD Dissertation, University of Illinois at Chicago, 2008.
Melkers, J. and E. Welch, (2009) “The Structure of Collaborative and Career Development Social Networks of Women and Men in Academic Science.” Prepared for the Atlanta S&T Conference, October 2009.
Welch, E. and J. Melkers (2008) “Effects of Network Size and Gender on Research Grant Awards to Scientists and Engineers: An Analysis from a National Survey of Six Fields” Paper presented at the 2008 Meeting of PRIME, Mexico City, Mexico. September 2008.
Melkers, J. and E. Welch (2008) “The Role of Social Networks for Women in Science and Engineering.” Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Boston, MA. February 14-18 2008.
Huang, W.*, E. Welch and G. Lee* (2008) “The Effects of Organization Climate and Resources on Collaborative Networks of Academic Scientists in Six Fields”. Paper presented at American Political Science Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, August 28-31, 2008.
Welch. E., and M. Feeney (2008) “Institutions and Emerging Technologies: The Role of Research Universities in the Governance of Emerging Science & Technology”. Prepared for the Gordon Research Conference on Governing Emerging Technologies, Big Sky, Montana, August 17-22, 2008.
Jacob, B.*, B. Ponomariov and E. Welch. (2007) “The Dynamics of Scientist’s Collaboration Networks: Differences in Gender and Rank”. Paper presented at Atlanta Conference on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy. Atlanta, Georgia, October 18-19, 2007.
Haller, M., and E. Welch. (2007) “Rethinking Collaborative Entrepreneurship: The Impact of Networks and Entrepreneurial Cognitions on Grant Acquisition in Science and Technology”. Paper presented at Atlanta Conference on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy. Atlanta, Georgia, October 18-19, 2007.